桃李久種自成蹊,老驥伏櫪志千里,揮別教鞭耕書園,退也不休建平台,藏書匯集懷德居,友朋羣聚嘉溪畔,新知交流唯斯處,經驗傳承好所在.─2004創館題詩─
懷德居木工實驗學校
5-9 巧工不及天啟帝| Category : 5木工世界| 2006/10/28 21:34

巧工不及天啟帝


略傳

明熹宗朱由校(1605~1627),光宗長子,明朝第15代皇帝。在位時間為16201627,年號天啟,在位時任用宦官魏忠賢,魏忠賢與乳母客氏沆瀣一氣、狼狽為奸。熹宗喜好木工,朝夕營造,膳飲可忘,魏忠賢總是乘他木工做得全神貫注時,拿重要的奏章去請他批閱,熹宗隨口說:「朕已悉矣!汝輩好為之」。魏忠賢逐漸專權,誣陷忠良,致使朝政腐敗。努爾哈赤則起於黑水白山之間,乘機攻佔瀋陽。熹宗死於1627年,時年23歲。熹宗無子,遺詔立五弟朱由檢為皇帝。


木匠皇帝
明熹宗朱由校,不聽先賢教誨“祖法堯舜,憲章文武”,卻去學魯班,學喻皓,學李誡,整天與斧子、鋸子、鉋子打交道。


熹宗時,外有金兵侵擾,內有山東徐鴻儒起義和陝西王二之起義。熹宗卻不務正業,只知道製作木器,蓋小宮殿。


吳寶崖在《曠園雜誌》中寫到:熹宗“嘗于庭院中蓋小宮殿,高四尺許,玲瓏巧妙”。由於經常沉迷其中,技巧嫺熟,據《先撥志》載:“斧斤之屬,皆躬自操之。雖巧匠,不能過焉。”熹宗的貪玩使得宦官專政,奸佞弄權,正如《酌中志餘》所述:“當斫削得意之時,或有急切章疏,奏請定奪,識字女官朗誦職銜姓名畢,玉音輒諭王體乾輩曰:‘我都知道了,你們用心行去。’諸奸於是恣其愛憎,批紅施行。”魏忠賢就是在這種情況下擴充勢力,步步奪權的。


《明史卷二十二•熹宗》中評說:“濫賞淫刑,忠良慘禍,億兆離心,雖欲不亡,何可得哉。”熹宗專心致志地蓋著他的“宮殿”,奸佞們卻在悄悄地挖著他的牆腳,熹宗死後僅十多年,明朝就滅亡了。

http://www.literature.idv.tw/bbs/Post.asp?method=ReplyQuote&REPLY_ID=12410&topic_id=5640&forum_id=66&cat_id=13&M


傳統士大夫觀念深植國人心坎,對於熹宗酷愛木工的行徑,多持負面評論,甚至列名中國十大怪癖皇帝。不過以下這段引自王世襄《明式家具研究》的文字:明劉若愚《酌中志》還有關於明熹宗的記載,稱其性巧多藝能,善木工營造,“自操斧鋸鑿削,即巧工不能及也。又好油漆匠,凡手使器具,皆御用監、內官監辦用。”上文祇能說明帝王愛好宮屋器用到了成癖的程度,否則四体不勤,好逸惡勞的統治者,是不會親自去參加勞動操作的。這樣子敘述看似比較持平。


天才木匠
明熹宗

中國古代稱皇帝為天子,既然是天子,必然會有至高無上的權威,享不盡的榮華富貴,但天子的身份也使他們不能無拘無束地享受平民的生活,明代就有這樣一位天子,如果他不做皇帝,肯定會是一個很好的木匠,那就是明熹宗朱由校。


明熹宗朱由校在歷代帝王中是很有特色的一個皇帝,他心靈手巧,對製造木器有極濃厚的興趣,凡刀鋸斧鑿、丹青揉漆之類的木匠活,他部要親自操作。他手造的漆器、床、梳匣等,均裝飾五彩,精巧絕倫,出人意料。史書上記載;明代天啟年間,匠人所造的床,極其笨重,十幾個人才能移動,用料多,樣式也極普通。喜宗便自己琢磨,設計圖樣,親自鋸木釘板,一年多工夫便造出一張床來,床板可以折疊,攜帶移動都很方便,床架上還雕鏤有各種花紋,美觀大方,為當時的工匠所嘆服。明喜宗還善用木材做小玩具,他做的小木人,男女老少,俱有神態,五官四肢,無不備具,動作亦很惟妙惟肖。喜宗還派內監拿到市面上去出售,市人都以重價購買,熹宗更加高興,往往下到半夜也不休息,常令身邊太監做他的助手。熹宗的漆工活也很在行,從配料到上漆,他都自己動手,並喜歡己的手藝。他做的木像男女不一,約高二尺,有雙臂但無腿足,均塗上五色油漆,彩畫如生,每個小木人下面的平底處安一鉤卯,用長三尺多的竹板支撐著。另外還有一個用大木頭鑿釘成的長寬各一丈的方木池,上面添水七分滿,水內放有活魚、蟹蝦、萍藻之類的海貨,使之浮於水面。再用凳子支起小方木池,周圍朋紗囤成螢幕,竹板在圍屏下,遊移拽動,這樣就形成了水傀儡的戲台。在螢幕的後面,有一藝人隨劇情將小木人用竹片托浮水上,遊鬥玩耍,鼓聲喧大。當時宮中常演的劇目有《東方朔偷桃》、《三保太監下西洋》、《八仙過海》、《孫行者大鬧龍宮》等,均裝束新奇,扮演巧妙,活靈活現。熹宗做得是如醉如癡,看得也是如醉如癡。每到冬季,西苑冰池封凍,冰堅且滑。熹宗便命一群太監隨他一起玩冰戲。他親自為自己設計了一個小拖床,床面小巧玲攏,僅容一人,塗上紅漆,上有一頂篷,周圍用紅綢緞為欄,前後都設有掛繩的小鉤,喜宗坐在拖床上,讓太監們拉引繩子,一部分人在上用繩牽引,一部分人在床前引導,一部分人在床後推行。兩面用力,拖床行進速度極快,瞬息之間就可往返數里。懸牌,整個工程中熹宗都親臨現場。熹宗心靈手巧,親手製作的娛樂工具頗為精巧。他用大缸盛滿水,水畫蓋上圓桶,在缸下鑽孔,通于桶底形成水噴,再放置許多小木球于噴水處,啟閉灌輸,水打木球,木球盤旋,久而不息,熹宗與妃嬪在一起觀賞喝彩。


熹宗好蓋房屋,喜弄機巧,常常是房屋造成後,高興得手舞足蹈,反復欣賞,等高興勁過後,又立即毀掉,重新造新樣製作,從不感到厭倦,興致高時,往往脫掉外衣操作,把治國平天下的事,早就拋到腦後,無暇過問。奸臣魏忠賢當然不會錯過這個良機,他常趁熹宗引繩削墨,興趣最濃時,拿上公文請熹宗批示,熹宗覺著影響了自己的興致,便隨口說道:“我已經知道了,你盡心照章辦理就是了。”明朝舊例,凡廷臣奏本,必由皇帝御筆親批;若是例行文書,由司禮監代擬批問,也必須寫上遵閣票字樣,或奉旨更改,用朱筆批,號為批紅。熹宗潛心於製作木器房屋,便把上述公務一概交給了魏忠賢,魏忠賢借機排斥異己,專權誤國,而熹宗卻耳無所聞,目無所見,可歎他是一名出色的工匠,卻使大明王朝在他的這雙手上搖搖欲墜。
http://www.zhsew.com/g/g5/200602/7771.html

Comment(16)Trackback(22)
Trackback Address : http://hdg.tosaint.com/trackback/36
joseph abboud charcoal cashmere zippered cardigan sweater2020/02/13 23:48
zapatos de mujer color fucsia <a href="http://www.jogosdediversao.com/infrared/zapatillas-puma-mujer-2014">zapatillas puma mujer 2014</a> camiseta running manga larga <a href="http://www.jogosdediversao.com/intercambiando/zapatos-madera-zuecos">zapatos madera zuecos</a> vender anuncios gratis <a href="http://www.jogosdediversao.com/ledwave/zapatos-zuecos-o-suecos">zapatos zuecos o suecos</a> zapatillas adidas pure boost mujer <a href="http://www.jogosdediversao.com/mennella/tenis-tipo-bota">tenis tipo bota</a>
<a href="http://www.delhidoordarshan.com/cowpens_brinson/joseph-abboud-charcoal-cashmere-zippered-cardigan-sweater" >joseph abboud charcoal cashmere zippered cardigan sweater</a> [url=http://www.delhidoordarshan.com/cowpens_brinson/joseph-abboud-charcoal-cashmere-zippered-cardigan-sweater]joseph abboud charcoal cashmere zippered cardigan sweater[/url]
X bootsschuhe schwarz damen2020/02/14 03:01
haute couture dirndl <a href="http://www.odemishaberleri.com/pakistanische/mode-von-guido-maria-kretschmer-2014">mode von guido maria kretschmer 2014</a> trachtenmode damen xxl <a href="http://www.odemishaberleri.com/panamahut/50er-jahre-kleid-blau">50er jahre kleid blau</a> kleider f眉r silberhochzeit knielang <a href="http://www.odemishaberleri.com/pearls/heine-online-shop-versandkostenfrei">heine online shop versandkostenfrei</a> heine kleiderschrank eiche <a href="http://www.odemishaberleri.com/pocket/sch%c3%b6ne-kleider-gr%c3%b6%c3%9fe-42">sch枚ne kleider gr枚脽e 42</a>
<a href="http://www.odemishaberleri.com/aquapure/bootsschuhe-schwarz-damen" >bootsschuhe schwarz damen</a> [url=http://www.odemishaberleri.com/aquapure/bootsschuhe-schwarz-damen]bootsschuhe schwarz damen[/url]
X skechers performance womens you 14960 sneaker2020/02/14 06:27
<a href="http://www.golfhub24.com/lowman/under-armour-womens-ua-clutchfit-force-fg-from-under-armour">under armour womens ua clutchfit force fg from under armour</a><a href="http://www.golfhub24.com/mcmurray/under-armour-spearheads-ua-women-empowering-other-women">under armour spearheads ua women empowering other women</a><a href="http://www.golfhub24.com/metea/under-armour-mens-fish-hunter-icon-ls-long-sleeves-t-shirt">under armour mens fish hunter icon ls long sleeves t shirt</a><a href="http://www.golfhub24.com/mintercity/ua-under-armor-camo-gear">ua under armor camo gear</a>
<a href="http://www.banshkhalinews.com/blueriver/skechers-performance-womens-you-14960-sneaker" >skechers performance womens you 14960 sneaker</a> [url=http://www.banshkhalinews.com/blueriver/skechers-performance-womens-you-14960-sneaker]skechers performance womens you 14960 sneaker[/url]
X 2020 run dmc superstar2020/02/14 08:17
lebron 21 Schuhe <a href="http://www.abujaitv.com/bootcut/adidas-pure-boost-course-a-pied">adidas pure boost course a pied</a> air max 90 bw <a href="http://www.abujaitv.com/breguet/2020-triple-wei%c3%9fe-97s">2020 triple wei脽e 97s</a> uefa champions league adidas ball <a href="http://www.abujaitv.com/castelli/2020-wool-foamposites">2020 wool foamposites</a> skechers schwarz slip on Damen <a href="http://www.abujaitv.com/clipser/2020-wool-Schuhe">2020 wool Schuhe</a>
<a href="http://www.meitvnews.com/piktogramm/2020-run-dmc-superstar" >2020 run dmc superstar</a> [url=http://www.meitvnews.com/piktogramm/2020-run-dmc-superstar]2020 run dmc superstar[/url]
X bolsos caminatta amazon2020/02/15 10:34
converse bebe fille taille 20 <a href="http://www.princessbetblog.com/waistband/manteau-homme-patagonia">manteau homme patagonia</a> sac soldes longchamp <a href="http://www.princessbetblog.com/weiqiao/coque-vans-samsung-s8">coque vans samsung s8</a> chemise de luxe femme <a href="http://www.princessbetblog.com/welcome/pantoufle-originale-femme">pantoufle originale femme</a> pia rossini vestes en jean <a href="http://www.princessbetblog.com/xinbest/costume-et-chaussure">costume et chaussure</a>
<a href="http://www.newburyphotographer.com/retractil/bolsos-caminatta-amazon" >bolsos caminatta amazon</a> [url=http://www.newburyphotographer.com/retractil/bolsos-caminatta-amazon]bolsos caminatta amazon[/url]
X womens gucci brown suede horsebit loafers shoes moccasins gold in box 62020/02/15 22:26
<a href="http://www.agonews.com/borton/striped-yellow-and-purple-tommy-hilfiger-tie">striped yellow and purple tommy hilfiger tie</a><a href="http://www.agonews.com/boundbrook/tommy-hilfiger-spring-16-best-runway-shoes-at-fashion">tommy hilfiger spring 16 best runway shoes at fashion</a><a href="http://www.agonews.com/boyertown/top-100-fashion-designer-stores-in-ahmedabad-best-fashion">top 100 fashion designer stores in ahmedabad best fashion</a><a href="http://www.agonews.com/brier/plus-size-celebrity-boutique-fashion-dresses">plus size celebrity boutique fashion dresses</a>
<a href="http://www.gyanpustika.com/ironville/womens-gucci-brown-suede-horsebit-loafers-shoes-moccasins-gold-in-box-6" >womens gucci brown suede horsebit loafers shoes moccasins gold in box 6</a> [url=http://www.gyanpustika.com/ironville/womens-gucci-brown-suede-horsebit-loafers-shoes-moccasins-gold-in-box-6]womens gucci brown suede horsebit loafers shoes moccasins gold in box 6[/url]
X borse gherardini offerte2020/02/16 06:30
skechers prezzo <a href="http://www.milatinos.com/reaction/outlet-abiti-da-cerimonia-da-nozze-da-favola-nozze-da">outlet abiti da cerimonia da nozze da favola nozze da</a> sandali con tacco gomma <a href="http://www.milatinos.com/scampanati/koly-da-donna-v-neck-jumpsuit-estate-pantalone-largo-a">koly da donna v neck jumpsuit estate pantalone largo a</a> stivali da pioggia hunter donna tall original gloss vendita <a href="http://www.milatinos.com/sicurezza/noleggio-gonfiabili-natalizi-babbo-natale-pupazzo-di-neve">noleggio gonfiabili natalizi babbo natale pupazzo di neve</a> nike nere nere nere scarpe nike air r0 1 wlq force 1 nike <a href="http://www.milatinos.com/snellire/borsa-love-moschino-nera-con-catena-in-metallo">borsa love moschino nera con catena in metallo</a>
<a href="http://www.kesinbilgin.com/steeltouch/borse-gherardini-offerte" >borse gherardini offerte</a> [url=http://www.kesinbilgin.com/steeltouch/borse-gherardini-offerte]borse gherardini offerte[/url]
X kupaonske kade bijela za suhu ugradnju zajedno s2020/02/16 15:52
top 15 sportskih automobila autoexclusive auto vesti <a href="http://www.emelineetsesetoiles.com/holl盲nderin/kuharske-hla%c4%8de-zagreb">kuharske hla膷e zagreb</a> reer suncobran za kolica sa uv zastitom boja siva <a href="http://www.emelineetsesetoiles.com/h煤lenia/15-najljep%c5%a1ih-balerinki-koje-%c4%87ete-po%c5%beeljeti-ve%c4%87-danas-gloria">15 najljep拧ih balerinki koje 膰ete po啪eljeti ve膰 danas gloria</a> salonke obu膰a metro <a href="http://www.emelineetsesetoiles.com/jaha膰e/adidas-patike-za-devojcice-u-broju-26">adidas patike za devojcice u broju 26</a> seiko kinetic satovi <a href="http://www.emelineetsesetoiles.com/kr膷ki/mu%c5%a1ke-bijele-cipele-ko%c5%bene">mu拧ke bijele cipele ko啪ne</a>
<a href="http://www.darkfilmreviews.com/nau膷ila/kupaonske-kade-bijela-za-suhu-ugradnju-zajedno-s" >kupaonske kade bijela za suhu ugradnju zajedno s</a> [url=http://www.darkfilmreviews.com/nau膷ila/kupaonske-kade-bijela-za-suhu-ugradnju-zajedno-s]kupaonske kade bijela za suhu ugradnju zajedno s[/url]
X maglione celeste donna2020/02/16 16:28
diamantsmykker <a href="http://www.politicalyap.com/zupply/grafisk-broderi-m%c3%b8nster">grafisk broderi m酶nster</a> giacconi primaverili uomo <a href="http://www.polizei-presse.com/anatomico/cappotto-cane-pile">cappotto cane pile</a> le scarpe da ginnastica piu costose <a href="http://www.polizei-presse.com/antifreddo/creare-maschere-di-halloween">creare maschere di halloween</a> chiodo borchie donna gucci <a href="http://www.polizei-presse.com/antistatici/prezzi-scarpe-sportive-saucony">prezzi scarpe sportive saucony</a>
<a href="http://www.hobbygul.com/newsletter/maglione-celeste-donna" >maglione celeste donna</a> [url=http://www.hobbygul.com/newsletter/maglione-celeste-donna]maglione celeste donna[/url]
X zapatos castellanos ni帽os2020/02/16 17:04
studio anneloes tijgerprint broek <a href="http://www.mediamazar.com/powxuztki/muts-laten-borduren">muts laten borduren</a> halloween traktatie zelf maken <a href="http://www.mediamazar.com/printprestige/houten-speelgoed-webshop">houten speelgoed webshop</a> gioseppo maat 20 <a href="http://www.mediamazar.com/prolight/floris-van-bommel-sale-43">floris van bommel sale 43</a> afwasmachine aeg inbouw <a href="http://www.mediamazar.com/romservice/pme-legend-blouse">pme legend blouse</a>
<a href="http://www.erzincann.com/volumen/zapatos-castellanos-ni%c3%b1os" >zapatos castellanos ni帽os</a> [url=http://www.erzincann.com/volumen/zapatos-castellanos-ni%c3%b1os]zapatos castellanos ni帽os[/url]
X le startup che amazon la formula vincente dei2020/02/17 01:40
deao veicolo trattore escavatore 2x1 cavalcabile per bambini include due estensione <a href="http://www.incirlimeslekelektrik.com/antitrombotica/lol-surprise-glam-glitter-sfera-con-bambola-serie">lol surprise glam glitter sfera con bambola serie</a> acquista felpa adidas donna rosa fino a off73 sconti <a href="http://www.incirlimeslekelektrik.com/arrotolata/emma-cappotto-check-rosso-e-nero">emma cappotto check rosso e nero</a> negozi online scarpe running <a href="http://www.incirlimeslekelektrik.com/attillate/uomini-oakley-chamfer-satin-black-red-occhiali">uomini oakley chamfer satin black red occhiali</a> bracciali tiffany online showroom di stylosophy <a href="http://www.incirlimeslekelektrik.com/attimonellis/da-1-a-3-anni-archivi-pagina-2-di-2-centro-giochi-educativi">da 1 a 3 anni archivi pagina 2 di 2 centro giochi educativi</a>
<a href="http://www.fordunews.com/comprarli/le-startup-che-amazon-la-formula-vincente-dei" >le startup che amazon la formula vincente dei</a> [url=http://www.fordunews.com/comprarli/le-startup-che-amazon-la-formula-vincente-dei]le startup che amazon la formula vincente dei[/url]
X vestiti for abito da madre della sposa jcpenney2020/02/20 03:15
2020 reebok 1200 <a href="http://www.bicitrabangla.com/cowpens_southpoint/red-womens-duster-sweater">red womens duster sweater</a> all white semi formal dresses <a href="http://www.bicitrabangla.com/decaturcity_iberia/chelsea28-lace-dress">chelsea28 lace dress</a> bride dress princess <a href="http://www.bicitrabangla.com/dixonsmills_caban/reebok-plant-based-shoes">reebok plant based shoes</a> mens winter suits <a href="http://www.bicitrabangla.com/edenisle_dalies/mini-boden-easter">mini boden easter</a>
<a href="http://www.buddhistasean.com/diorissimo/vestiti-for-abito-da-madre-della-sposa-jcpenney" >vestiti for abito da madre della sposa jcpenney</a> [url=http://www.buddhistasean.com/diorissimo/vestiti-for-abito-da-madre-della-sposa-jcpenney]vestiti for abito da madre della sposa jcpenney[/url]
X blu donkey tutina costume cosplay novel scarpa zampa ragazze2020/02/20 05:18
selges omega gullklokke norges st酶rste <a href="http://www.detakkotatangerang.com/hanamulu/adidas-wanderlust-seamless-high-rise-7-8-tights-gr%c3%a5-adidas-denmark">adidas wanderlust seamless high rise 7 8 tights gr氓 adidas denmark</a> lykt cm rustfri dehli <a href="http://www.detakkotatangerang.com/hauser/hos-arta-g%c3%a5r-det-bedre-enn-noen-gang-holmestrand-utvikling-as">hos arta g氓r det bedre enn noen gang holmestrand utvikling as</a> pilotbriller med speilglass <a href="http://www.detakkotatangerang.com/hawley/el-sykkel-tester">el sykkel tester</a> monikamdesign genser med store striper <a href="http://www.detakkotatangerang.com/herkimer/poncho-arkiv-gratis-strikkeopskrifter">poncho arkiv gratis strikkeopskrifter</a>
<a href="http://www.pharakbichar.com/turmalet/blu-donkey-tutina-costume-cosplay-novel-scarpa-zampa-ragazze" >blu donkey tutina costume cosplay novel scarpa zampa ragazze</a> [url=http://www.pharakbichar.com/turmalet/blu-donkey-tutina-costume-cosplay-novel-scarpa-zampa-ragazze]blu donkey tutina costume cosplay novel scarpa zampa ragazze[/url]
X forest verde vestito uk2020/02/20 07:24
debs 亘丕賱丕囟丕賮丞 丕賱賶 丨噩賲 丕賱賲賱丕亘爻 <a href="http://www.amaderbijoy.com/north_newcreek/vestitobarn-calvin-klein-nero-vestito">vestitobarn calvin klein nero vestito</a> unleash the big dog canottes <a href="http://www.amaderbijoy.com/oakpark_lavillita/lehenga-di-linea-shopping">lehenga di linea shopping</a> viola gown design <a href="http://www.amaderbijoy.com/oasis_copenhagen/anarkali-%d8%a8%d8%af%d9%84%d8%a9-alia-bhatt">anarkali 亘丿賱丞 alia bhatt</a> cool estivo abiti for teenage girl <a href="http://www.amaderbijoy.com/oldagency_schaller/economico-custom-vestito-camicie">economico custom vestito camicie</a>
<a href="http://www.txchoose.com/spolo膷ensk媒/forest-verde-vestito-uk" >forest verde vestito uk</a> [url=http://www.txchoose.com/spolo膷ensk媒/forest-verde-vestito-uk]forest verde vestito uk[/url]
X boys shoes footwear sneakers2020/02/21 13:50
<a href="http://www.moviedailyonline.com/timberlake/velour-zip-hoodie-in-black">velour zip hoodie in black</a><a href="http://www.moviedailyonline.com/tiskilwa/carhartt-womens-hudson-blue-weathered-duck-wildwood-vest">carhartt womens hudson blue weathered duck wildwood vest</a><a href="http://www.moviedailyonline.com/vinegrove/new-silvano-lattanzi-9.5-10-chukka-boots-brown-suede-vibram-sole-triple-welt">new silvano lattanzi 9.5 10 chukka boots brown suede vibram sole triple welt</a><a href="http://www.moviedailyonline.com/warson/check-it-out-cynthia-rowley-tjx-zip-up-hoodie-for-15.99-on-thredup">check it out cynthia rowley tjx zip up hoodie for 15.99 on thredup</a>
<a href="http://www.haberdizayn.com/ewell/boys-shoes-footwear-sneakers" >boys shoes footwear sneakers</a> [url=http://www.haberdizayn.com/ewell/boys-shoes-footwear-sneakers]boys shoes footwear sneakers[/url]
X majorstuen sykkelverksted salg og rep av sykler2020/02/23 05:52
vinterjakke for damer <a href="http://www.cricbengal.com/contoocook/det-m%c3%a5-ikke-lade-sig-g%c3%b8re">det m氓 ikke lade sig g酶re</a> setesdalsbunad pris <a href="http://www.cricbengal.com/conyngham/s%c3%b8lv-sko-til-damer">s酶lv sko til damer</a> nike power fly victory crop <a href="http://www.cricbengal.com/cowarts/dollmaker-brit-svalbard-bunad-dukker-i-bunad-dukker">dollmaker brit svalbard bunad dukker i bunad dukker</a> hello kitty kl忙r p氓 nett <a href="http://www.cricbengal.com/digiorgio/jobb-i-oslo-tingrett-norges-domstoler">jobb i oslo tingrett norges domstoler</a>
<a href="http://www.musicuda.com/newhradec/majorstuen-sykkelverksted-salg-og-rep-av-sykler" >majorstuen sykkelverksted salg og rep av sykler</a> [url=http://www.musicuda.com/newhradec/majorstuen-sykkelverksted-salg-og-rep-av-sykler]majorstuen sykkelverksted salg og rep av sykler[/url]
X

1 ..592593594595596597598599600.. 617