桃李久種自成蹊,老驥伏櫪志千里,揮別教鞭耕書園,退也不休建平台,藏書匯集懷德居,友朋羣聚嘉溪畔,新知交流唯斯處,經驗傳承好所在.─2004創館題詩─
懷德居木工實驗學校
5-14 韋格納與世長辭| Category : 5木工世界| 2007/02/12 13:35

韋格納與世長辭

Dear All,

我們非常遺憾的接到了來自丹麥的消息,韋格納先生在上個月的26日辭世,享年92歲。韋格納先生的設計深受台灣人的喜愛,相信韋格納先生的精神,會長存在大家的心中。同時我們也會秉持著韋格納先生一貫的風格及態度,繼續在台灣致力推展北歐及韋格納先生的文化。

Carl Hansen & Son 台灣總代理式澳國際


小姐,

感謝你轉達這則消息,大師辭世令人不捨,去年我們還好有機會二度﹝註﹞將他最精彩的作品,再度呈現國人眼前,或許這兩場就是他生前最後的主題展,現在看來就當是台灣人對一代大師的最後敬禮。其實我曾有過想法:希望在他百歲誕辰,我們一起來為他辦個特展。


我知道丹麥1989 曾為他辦過75歲回顧展﹝
Retrospective Exhibition,主辦單位就以其早期 1963 年發表的作品 Three-Legged Shell Chair 為海報主題﹝圖1~2﹞,1994日本為祝賀他八十大壽,更在東京舉辦巨匠韋格納椅展﹝圖3﹞。

註:2003年我們即以【根源明式 來自丹麥 回到東方】為題,首次在台灣展出韋格納作品



圖1: 韋格納75歲回顧展海報 1989


圖2: 攝於東京 Dsain K.K. 2002



圖3: 韋格納作品東京 1994


Hans J. Wegner has passed away

It is with the greatest regret that we learn that Architect Hans J. Wegner passed away peacefully on 26th January 2007. He reached an age of 92 years. Hans J. Wegner worked hard during his long life and created furniture that became the inspiration of a whole generation and in spite of the rapid change in technology and lifestyle is still sought after objects in our time. Born in Denmark in 1914 he trained as both a master cabinetmaker and an architect. He became a world renowned architect who was bestowed with many international honours during his time. Generally, Hans J. Wegner was considered the “Master of the Chair”, with more than 400 chairs to his name. Today many of his furniture creations are on display at leading design museums around the world. For all he created – a strong concentration on minimalism, quality and functionality were always in focus. The cooperation with Carl Hansen & Son commenced at 1949
.

韋格納作品選集



Furniture designer Hans J. Wegner dies


AP - Thu Feb 1, 2:08 PM ET


FILER - Hans J. Wegner, a Danish furniture designer best known for his functional yet elegant chairs, has died, his family said Thursday, Feb. 2007. He was 92. His international breakthrough came in 1949 with the Round Chair, which soon became a classic and was used in the United States 11 years later in televised presidential debates between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. Wegner, seen in this april 1978 file photo, died Jan. 26 at his home in Copenhagen, but the family only announced it a week later after a private funeral service, said his daughter.


歷史檔案 陳年照片


Hans Wegner Dies at 92; Danish Furniture Designer -
New York Times


By DAVID COLMAN

Published: February 6, 2007


Hans Wegner, whose Danish Modern furniture — most famously his chairs — helped change the course of design history in the 1950s and ’60s by sanding modernism’s sharp edges and giving aesthetes a comfortable seat, died on Jan. 26 in Copenhagen. He was 92.



Associated Press

Hans Wegner at his home in 1997


His death was confirmed by his daughter Marianne Wegner, who worked alongside her father for more than 20 years.


Mr. Wegner (pronounced VEG-ner in English and VAY-ner in Danish) was one of a small group of Danish furniture designers whose elegant but comfortable creations made Danish Modern all the rage among cosmopolitan Americans of the ’50s and ’60s.


He also earned a footnote in political history, when, in 1960, Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy were seated on Wegner chairs during the first nationally televised presidential debate.


“He was one of what I think of as the humble giants of 20th-century design, those men who would probably shun the term designer and prefer to call themselves cabinetmakers,” said Paola Antonelli, the curator of architecture and design at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, where many of Mr. Wegner’s chairs are not only on display but in use, in the museum’s several restaurants.


Describing the appeal of his furniture, she said, “First and foremost, it’s comfortable, and saying that it’s comfortable before saying it’s beautiful is really high praise, because the truth is that it’s incredibly elegant.”


Mr. Wegner rose to international prominence as one of a handful of Danes who seized the design world’s attention with a fresh aesthetic of sculptural and organic modern furniture. Others were Arne Jacobsen, Finn Juhl, Borge Mogensen and Poul Kjaerholm.


Their works, often made in warm blond wood, domesticated the cold chrome shine of the Bauhaus-influenced International style. In the process, they found a way to dovetail the words “Danish” and “modern” for the first time, joining cabinetmaker-guild traditions of high craftsmanship, quality and comfort with modernist principles of simplicity and graphic beauty.


This unity was epitomized by Mr. Wegner’s two best-known chair designs, both introduced in late 1949. One was the Wishbone chair, with a Y-shaped back split and a curved back and armrest suggested by a child’s Chinese chair he saw. Sometimes called the Y-back, it is an understated work of simplicity and comfort, its graceful shape hinting at both East Asian design and modernist ideals. It is still made today by the Danish firm Carl Hansen & Son.


His other 1949 success became known simply as The Chair, or the Round Chair. (Mr. Wegner did not name his chairs, letting manufacturers or customers name them as they liked, leading to some confusion over the years.) The Chair is a strikingly modern design, with a caned seat and a back and armrests made of one continuous semicircle of wood. This was the chair used in the Kennedy-Nixon debate.


Born in 1914, Hans Jorgen Wegner learned woodworking as a boy, the son of a cobbler, in Tondern, in southern Denmark. He was studying design in Copenhagen in 1938 when he was hired by Mr. Jacobsen and Erik Moller to design furniture for the town hall they were creating in Aarhus, Denmark. Before the project was over, he met Inga Helbo, a secretary in Mr. Jacobsen’s office. They later married.


Once the Aarhus project was completed, Mr. Wegner started his own design business, and by the mid-1940s he had created chair designs for the Fritz Hansen and Johannes Hansen furniture companies, including the Peacock chair, a smart update of the Windsor chair.


Working out of a studio at his house, Mr. Wegner produced hundreds of prototypes and had to be pressed to leave work for family vacations. Asked what his other interests were, his daughter Marianne, said with a laugh: “Apart from furniture? None.” Mr. Wegner’s wife and another daughter, Eva Wegner, also survive him.


By the late 1960s, the rage for Danish Modern had cooled in the United States. But Mr. Wegner kept working, creating new designs for another Danish company, P P Mobler. He retired in the early 1990s, when Marianne, an architect, took over his studio.


Over the last decade he was able to witness a surge of renewed interest in his work. Mid-century Modern furniture is again in high demand, according to spokesmen for P P Mobler and Carl Hansen. What was a chic look a half-century ago has today joined the pantheon of mainstream style, perhaps a fitting tribute to a man who believed that a chair should be made well enough to last at least 50 years


http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/06/arts/design/06wegner.html?ex=1328418000&en=24efc24fe2449ef6&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss


The Passing of Hans Wegner


Wednesday, Feb 07


Speaking of famous Danish chairs, as we were yesterday, some sad news reported in the NY Times about the passing of Hans Wegner, one of the designers responsible for the Danish furniture boom in the '50s and '60s which, of course, still very much lasts on into today. Here's some:


He also earned a footnote in political history, when, in 1960, Vice President Richard M. Nixon and Senator John F. Kennedy were seated on Wegner chairs during the first nationally televised presidential debate.


"He was one of what I think of as the humble giants of 20th-century design, those men who would probably shun the term designer and prefer to call themselves cabinetmakers," said Paola Antonelli, the curator of architecture and design at the Museum of Modern Art in New York, where many of Mr. Wegner's chairs are not only on display but in use, in the museum's several restaurants.


http://www.mediabistro.com/unbeige/people/the_passing_of_hans_wegner_52592.as


Hans Wegner, Design Icon, Dies at 92

8 February 2007

Hans Wegner, the celebrated chair maker and a founding father in the Danish Modern design movement, died on Jan. 26, The New York Times reported this week. He was 92.

Wegner was one of a handful of designer/craftsman from mid-century Denmark who lead a revolution in furniture design by combining high-end craftsmanship with mass-market appeal. Best known for his chairs, Wegner’s portfolio displayed influences ranging from the Shakers to the Windsor chair to Ming-dynasty Chinese furniture. Ultimately, though, it was his own voice as a designer that led to his international acclaim.


Wegner's iconic "Chair" donned the cover of Fine Woodworking #21

Photo by Doug Long, Photocraft


The craftsman/designer

Fine Woodworking interviewed Wegner for an article in the March 1980 issue written by Irving Sloane, whose Danish wife served as interpreter. The article revealed the intense relationship he had with fine craftsmanship, evident by the innovative jigs and fixtures he developed to produce hand made work on a large scale.


In his interview, he lamented the decline of the craftsman/designer as modern mass production began to take shape. “Machines can do a lot, but my furniture still requires a great deal of skilled handwork,” he said at the time.


"Many young people today take training in furniture design and cabinetmaking but almost all of them want to be designers. Very few seem interested in spending the time and effort necessary to become skilled cabinetmakers. Because of this, and the increasing sophistication of modern woodworking machines, I see the time coming when these skills will rest mainly in the hands of do-it-yourselfers. The professionals, in the best sense of the word--men with pride in their skill--will quietly disappear, and it's a great pity. Is there anything more fundamentally human or rewarding than mastering a trade and making a living at it?"


Wegner insight held true for a period in the 1970 and 1980s when the Danish modern movement fell out of favor. But he lived to witness a resurgence of his work and a new grassroots emphasis on studio craftsmanship. Today his work is included in leading collections including the Museum of Modern Art in New York and the Yale University Furniture Study.

Born to make furniture
Wegner was born in 1914 in the souther Jutland town of Tonder. His father was a cobbler and a skilled craftsman, and introduced him to the craft at a young age. At the age of 14, Wegner took an apprenticeship as a cabinetmaker and seven years later enrolled at the Technological Institute in Copenhagen for a course in furniture making.


“My intention was to open a cabinetmaking shop, and I felt that training in design would be a valuable asset,” Wegner told Fine Woodworking. “It was a good decision, and I learned many useful things such as technical drawing and design basics. In 1938 I was offered a job as design assistant in the Aarhus design office of Arne Jacobsen and Erik Moller. I asked a professor at the school whether I should complete my school program, or take the job in Aarhus. He advised me to take the job, and I did.”

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